Key Topic 2-key words part 1

  • Created by: 11rsims
  • Created on: 07-06-17 08:54
System of fundamental principles accoring to which a nation state or body politic is constituted and governed
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codified and uncodified constitution
codified=a single document that sets out the rules of how a state should be governed, uncodified=rules stating how a state is to be governed are not gathered in to a single document
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division of power between central government and a number of state governments according to a written constitution
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bill of rights
an authoratative statement of the rights of citizens,often entrenched as a part of a codified constitution
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limited government
powers of governments are subject to legal constraints, and checks and balances within the political system
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fundamental law
the law which forms the foundation of the government state
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secured, difficult to change
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judicial review
power of senior judges to review the actions of government and public authorities,declaring them unlawful if they have exceeded authority
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statute law
law derived from acts of parliament and the subordiante legislation
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common law
law derived from decisions in court cases and from general customs
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these area type of european law which is binding on all eu states as to the result to be archieved, but can be implemented as best suits the needs of individual countries
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European law that is binding on all member states of the EU without the need for any national legislation
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royal prerogative
powers of the crown that are exercised in the monarchs name by the government ministers
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established norms of political behaviour rooted in past experience rather than in the law
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legal supremecy, absolute law-making authority that is not subject to a higher authority
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parliamentry sovereignty
The doctorine that parliament has absolute legal authority within the state. it enjoys legislative supremecy; parliament may make law on any matter it chooses, its decisions may not be overturned by any higher authority and it may not bind successors
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rule of law
the relationship between the state and the individual is governed by law, protecting the individual from abitary state action
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civil liberties
fundamental indivdual rights and freedoms that ought to be protected from inteference by the state
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unitary system
a homogeneous state in which power is concentrated at the political centre and all parts of the state are governed in the same way
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union state
a state in which there re cultural differences and were different parts of the state are governed in slightly different ways
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publicly funded bodies that operate at arms length from a government department and carry out executive and advisory functions. Their members are not elected so are therefore not accountable to the voters
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the desire of a nation to be recognised as a state
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charter 88
a pressure group set up 300 years after the glorious revoloution tourge the case for constitutional and electoral reform
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constitutional monarchy
a political system in which the monarch is the formal head of state but the monarchs legal powers are exercised by government ministers
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cabinet governement
a system of government in which executive power is vested in cabinet, whose members exercise collective responsibility, rather than a single office
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parliamentry government
a political system in which government takes place through parliament, executive and legislative branches are fused
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Primeministerial government
a system of government in which the PM is the dominant actor and is able to bypass the cabinet
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the branch of government responsible for making law
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branch of government that is responsible for the implementation of policy
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branch of government responsible for interpreting the law and deciding upon legal disputes
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the supreme court
a body created to act as the final court of appeal in all matters under English, Welsh and Northern Irish law after 2009, it takes over the judiciral functions of the house of lords
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fusion of powers
intermingling of personnel in the executive and legislative branches found in parliamentry systems
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seperation of powers
legislative, executive and judicial branches of government should be independent of one another, they should have different functions and distinctive membership which should not overlap
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electative dictatorship
excessive concentration of power in the executive branch, implies that the only check on the power of government is the need to hold a general election at regular intervals,
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political sovereignty
absolute political power
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party discipline
system of maintaining order within the parliamentry parties,MP's are expected to "toe the line"
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widening of interconnectedness between peoples and societies across the world in economic, political social and cultural activities
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pooled sovereignty
the decision-making authority of the member states of an international organisation is combined, this enhances collective power and achieves joint interests
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devoloution of political power from central government to regional government, soverign authority is not divided but remains in the centre
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popular sovereignty
supreme authority rests with the people
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westminster model
a form of government exemplified by the British political system where the executive and legislature are fused and political power is centrialised
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a form of decision making in which a wide range of institutions, networks and relationships are involved
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behaviour characterised by low standards of honesty or morality
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branch of government responsible for policy making and implementation
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the committee of seniour cabinet minsters that is the main collective decision-making body of government
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cabinet system
the cabinet and its associated bodies, including cabinet committees and the cabinet office
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Other cards in this set

Card 2


codified and uncodified constitution


codified=a single document that sets out the rules of how a state should be governed, uncodified=rules stating how a state is to be governed are not gathered in to a single document

Card 3




Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


bill of rights


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


limited government


Preview of the front of card 5
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