Language and Gender quiz

  • Created by: ellamwood
  • Created on: 30-11-22 12:16
what is the deficit model?
refers to how women's language use contributes to women's lower status and weaker position in society
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what is the dominance model?
suggests that men's use of language dominates that of the weaker female sex
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what is the difference model?
suggests that men and women are just different and neither one nor the other is necessarily more dominant
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what is the d model?
diversity and dynamics of gendered language
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deficit model theorists i would use are
Robin Lakoff, and O'Barr and Atkins
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dominance model theorists i would use are
Zimmerman and West, and Pamela Fishman
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difference model theorists i would use are
Deborah Tannen, and Janet Holmes
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d model theorists i would use are
Judith Butler
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Robin Lakoff suggested
in her 1975 book that gender inequality and language are linked, putting forward 18 assumptions about language of women
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O'Barr and Atkins suggested
women's language is in large part a language of powerlessness, which can be applied to both men and women
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Robin Lakoff did what with her theory
put forward 18 assumptions with no study, placing women into one homogenous group
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O'Barr and Atkins did what with their theory
conducted a 30 month study of NC superior criminal court footage, to find out what caused powerless language. proved that is it less to do with gender and more to do with power in society
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disproof of Lakoff
no study and biased
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disproof of O'Barr and Atkins
study had many variables, such as unawareness of speech contexts
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Zimmerman and West suggested
that men would interrupt more than women
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Pamela Fishman suggested
that mixed gendered conversations sometimes fail
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Zimmerman and West's study was
recorded 11 everyday mixed gender conversations in informal settings on white, middle class, 20-35 year old participants. found 46:2 male to female interruptions
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Pamela Fishman's study was
She listened to 52 hours of 3 young American couples in their homes. the couples had all been together different lengths of time. found all 6 described themselves as feminists and that women had to do conversational shitwork to keep the conversations goin
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what did Zimmerman and West find
46:2 male to female interruptions, suggesting that men like to be in charge of conversation and women like to be submissive
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what did Pamela Fishman find
That women ask questions to gain conversational power and keep the male engaged, preventing the conversation from failing as they are more cooperative speakers
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what disproves Zimmerman and West
results may have been biased and manipulated as we do not know the context of interruptions. also limited study in terms of class, age, race, and education status
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what disproves Pamela Fishman
there were non-varying environments, it was niche to America, and not much variety in the types of speakers
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Deborah Tannen suggested
men and women represent their language into a series of six contrasts
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Janet Holmes suggested
men and women use tag questions differently
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What is an Affective Tag, according to Janet Holmes
addressee orientated and expresses intimacy and solidarity
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what is a Modal Tag, according to Janet Holmes
request for information and may show uncertainty
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Deborah Tannen's study and findings
No study. It is a binary theory of which she wrote a book on her observations and ideas about. She considered the traits to be of social making and not biological as we are conditioned into them. And she suggested that men and women approach conversation
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Janet Holmes' study and findings
recorded conversations and categories the tag questions. found that women used tag questions more overall, men use modal for lack of self confidence, and women use affective to show support
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Disproof of Deborah Tannen
No study and she reinforces stereotypes
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Disproof of Janet Holmes
She was stereotypical of gender roles, and also didn't provide any context to do with the recorded conversations
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Who coined the Diversity approach?
Judith Butler
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What is the diversity approach?
1990. Non-binary. Idea that sex and gender are two different things and do not influence our language, rather society and socialisation does. Suggests that in a completely equal society, there would be no gendered language.
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what is the dynamic approach?
social constructivism as society build our language, meaning communication styles are a product of context. people accommodate their speech towards the style of person they are interacting with
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Card 2


what is the dominance model?


suggests that men's use of language dominates that of the weaker female sex

Card 3


what is the difference model?


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Card 4


what is the d model?


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Card 5


deficit model theorists i would use are


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