Literary terms

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  • Created on: 28-01-16 20:12
Name four literary devices to describe imagery.
Figurative language, metaphor, simile, oxymoron.
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What is figurative language?
Figurative language is language that uses words or expressions with a meaning that is different from the literal interpretation. E.g 'I was drowning in debt' (opposite of literal translation)
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What is a metaphor?
A metaphor is there to make an even stronger image in the reader's head by describing a place, subject or object as something unlikely. E.g 'His eyes were sparkly jewls'
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What is a simile?
A comparison that uses words such as 'like' or 'as' E.g 'She was tall like a giraffe'
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What is a oxymoron?
A figure of speech in which apparently contradictory terms appear in conjunction (e.g. faith unfaithful kept him falsely true ).
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State 4 literary devices that describe semantics
Connotations, polysemy, links/ fields or similar meaning words.
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Define connotations
an idea or feeling which a word invokes for a person in addition to its literal or primary meaning. 'Blood connotes death'
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Define Polysemy
The coexistence of many possible meanings for a word or phrase.
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What are links?
topics/words that have similarities.
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What is Lexis?
The total stock of words in a language.
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What literary terms come under Lexis?
Register (expletive/slang/informal/formal...) polysyllabic/monosyllabic, Anglo saxon/french/latinate and dialect, colloquialisms and idioms.
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Whats is register?
The formality you speak to a person.
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Whats Explentive?
An oath or swear word.
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Whats slang?
A type of language consisting of words and phrases that are regarded as very informal, are more common in speech than writing, and are typically restricted to a particular context or group of people. "grass is slang for marijuana"
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What is polysyllabic and monosyllabic?
Polysyllabic is had more than one syllable. Monosyllabic has (surprise surprise) one syllable.
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Whats dialect?
A particular form of a language which is peculiar to a specific region or social group. "the Lancashire dialect seemed like a foreign language"
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What is Colloquial language?
Informal language/phrases (almost slang) e.g 'They are bananas!' 'You wanna go somewhere?'
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Whats a idiom?
A group of words established by usage as having a meaning not deducible from those of the individual words (e.g. over the moon, see the light ).
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What literary terms come under form?
Stanza's, quatrains, quintains, Blank verse, iambic pentameter, rhyming couplets, sonnets.
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What is a stanza?
A verse. Ha.
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What is a quatrain?
Stanza consisting of four lines.
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What is a quintain?
A stanza containing five lines.
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What is a blank verse?
A verse without rhyme, especially that which uses iambic pentameters.
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So then whats Iambic pentameter?
A line of verse with five metrical feet, each consisting of one short (or unstressed) syllable followed by one long (or stressed) syllable, for example Two households, both alike in dignity.
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What is a Rhyming couplet?
A Rhyming Couplet is two line of the same length that rhyme and complete one thought.
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Whats is a Sonnet?
A poem of 14 lines.
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What is syntax?
The arrangement of words/phrases. E.g syntax makes poem flow/fragmentary ect.....
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What is a simple sentence?
A sentence consisting of only one clause, with a single subject and predicate.
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What is a compound sentence?
A sentence with more than one subject or predicate.
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Whats a minor sentence?
A sentence that lacks punctuation/structure to be correct. E.g 'yes, indeed so.
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Whats a complex sentence?
A complex sentence contains an independent clause and at least one dependent clause. 'My coffee was cold, so I put it in the microwave'
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Whats imperative speech?
They are commands/requests.
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What is declarative speech?
A statement e.g 'This book is purple'
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What is interrogative speech?
A question.
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What is exclamatory speech?
( A cry or remark) expressing surprise, strong emotion, or pain.
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Whats metre?
Meter is a stressed and unstressed syllabic pattern in a verse or within the lines of a poem.
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Whats Iamabic metre?
Iamb meter has the first syllable unaccented and the second accented. Here are examples: That time l of year l thou mayst l in me l behold.
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Whats trochaic metre?
The the opposite of Iambic metre.
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Whats Caesura?
A caesura is a strong pause within a line.
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Whats is enjambment?
Enjambment is the continuation of a sentence or clause over a line-break.
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Whats the rhyme scheme?
The ordered pattern of rhymes at the ends of the lines of a poem or verse.
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Whats half rhyme?
It can be defined as a rhyme in which the stressed syllables of ending consonants match, however the preceding vowel sounds do not match.
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Whats para-rhyme?
In para-rhyme, the ending and beginning consonant sounds are similar such as in the words “rod” and “red”.
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Whats assonance?
It's like half rhyme but in assonance the vowel sounds are similar such as in “shot” and “lot”.
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Whats alliteration?
The occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words. "the alliteration of ‘sweet birds sang’"
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Whats Sibilance?
Sibilance is a literary device where strongly stressed consonants are created deliberately by producing air from vocal tracts through the use of lips and tongue. Such consonants produce hissing sounds.
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Whats Plosive speech?
a plosive speech sound is made when a consonant sound is made by closing off the flow of air then followed by a blast of air to carry the consonant sound. The letter P is a good example.
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Whats Fricative?
Denoting a type of consonant made by the friction of breath in a narrow opening, producing a turbulent air flow. E.g 'Th' and 'F'
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Whats onomatopoeia?
A word that describes a noise. E.g 'Bang!' and 'Whoosh!'
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Whats stream of consciousness?
Multitude of thoughts and feelings in a narrative.
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Whats a unreliable narrative, closed and open?
Unreliable; Narrator is biased (unreliable) Closed; Story has a begging middle and end. Open; no foreseeable end.
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And finally, what is direct mode?
A construction in which a speaker or writer communicates a message directly to another individual; also, the name (or nickname) of the individual who is addressed.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2


What is figurative language?


Figurative language is language that uses words or expressions with a meaning that is different from the literal interpretation. E.g 'I was drowning in debt' (opposite of literal translation)

Card 3


What is a metaphor?


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


What is a simile?


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


What is a oxymoron?


Preview of the front of card 5
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