Psychology - Paper 1 - Memory - Cognitive interview

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Who developed the idea of the cognitive interview?
Fisher and Geiselman.
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What is a cognitive interview?
Interview that is designed to be used in police interviews, witnesses are encouraged to relax and speak slowly.
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What are the 4 stages of a cognitive interview?
Report everything, context reinstatement, recall in reverse order, recall from changed perspective.
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What's the description for the report everything?
Every detail must be reported, however unimportant it may seem. In case details have been overlooked.
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What's the description for context reinstatement?
Mentally reinstate the environmental and personal context of the crime in the mind of the witness. This includes sights, sounds, smells and feelings. This technique is linked to retrieval failure as context may provide cues.
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What's the description for recall in reverse order?
Encourages witnesses to recount the details of events in different orders moving backwards and forwards in time. This technique verifies the accuracy of the testimony.
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What's the description for recall from changed perspective?
Report the incident from a range of perspectives including those of bystanders or even the criminals themselves. Promotes a more 'holistic' view of the event.
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What is the research evidence for the cognitive interview?
Geiselman: Lab, 3 groups watched a film of a violent crime and were interviewed 2 days later. G1 (cognitive interview), G2 (hypnosis), G3 (standard interview), most correct responses from cognitive interview, least from standard interview.
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What are the practical applications of the cognitive interview?
Stein&Memon: tested effectiveness of the cognitive interview in Brazil, women were recruited from cleaning staff of a uni and were required to watch a video of an abduction. Amount of correct info recalled was better than standard interview.
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What's the 1/2 weakness of the cognitive interview?
Not useful in the real world, research in police departments has found that using cognitive interviews is time consuming and requires people with specialist training.
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What's the 2/2 weakness of the cognitive interview?
Not always effective as the cognitive interview becomes less effective as time passes after the event. Small increase in incorrect info being reported when this technique is used.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is a cognitive interview?

Back

Interview that is designed to be used in police interviews, witnesses are encouraged to relax and speak slowly.

Card 3

Front

What are the 4 stages of a cognitive interview?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What's the description for the report everything?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What's the description for context reinstatement?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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