Responses To Outbreaks Of Plague.

  • Created by: cieran_10
  • Created on: 05-03-18 01:38
Were there numerous outbreaks of plague in Early Modern Britain?
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When did Plague outbreaks stop?
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What struck Britain in 1665?
The Great Plague.
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Give two reasons as to why the Plague was devastating to Britain?
As it spread quickly and the majority of people that were infected died from the infection.
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What did the high death rates cause?
A a difficulty to bury everyones' bodies.
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Why did business struggle in towns during the Plague? (3.)
As the death rates were high, meaning business owners were unable to run their businesses and there were not many customers to buy things.
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Why couldn't land be farmed during the Plague?
As there were no workers to work the land.
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Over the 300 year period of Plague outbreaks, what advances were there in what caused the Plague and through this new treatments?
There were none.
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When were the first Plague Orders issued?
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Give two laws in the first Plague Orders.
1) Straw had to be hing outside the houses of the infected to warn people about staying away from the house. 2) The infected had to carry white sticks to stop people in the street from approaching them and infecting them.
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When were 21 further Plague orders issued?
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Give two laws in the 1583 Plague orders.
Gathering areas were closed and streets were tidied and kept in bette conditions.
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Why did the Plague orders begin to fail?
As there were not enough people available to employ, to enforce the Plague orders.
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In what year were 17 national Plague orders issued?
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Why two laws did the 1578 Plague orders issue?
That everyone that lives in an infected house was to stay in quarantine for a minimum of 6 weeks and that taxes were to be payed to help feed and keep quarantined people.
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When was a Plague order introduced that allowed officials to forcefully place people into quarantine of they resisted?
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What were the Plague orders of 1578 and 1604 an example of?
The frist national attempts that the government made to prevent the outbreak of Plague.
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How many years after the Black Death did the government respond to the Plague on a national level?
240 years.
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In what decade did the government stop introducing Plague orders?
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Why could the government not introduce new Plague orders from the 1660s? (3.)
As there were no advances in Plague treatment and cause research, meaning they could not think of anything else to prevent it.
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What did the government do instead of introducing NEW Plague orders?
They published the SAME Plague orders again and again.
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What did the BRITISH government base their Plague orders on?
They based them on EUROPEAN responses to the Plague.
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Where did pest houses originate from?
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What was the purpose of pest houses? (2.)
To confine infected people in them, to stop them spreading disease.
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After which Plague outbreak was it recommended that pest houses be built in London?
After the 1630 outbreak.
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Which country first introduced laws to deal with Plague outbreaks?
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What two groups of people were not reliable to provide councils with food for quarantined people?
Charities and family members.
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Why and when were taxes to feed the quarantined people introduced in York?
In 1550, to stop the infected leaving their houses out of hunger.
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What did MANY councils base their laws on?
Government laws.
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What did the government base SOME of their Plague orders on and give an example? (3.)
On council laws, for example: the taxes to feed the infected was first introduced in York in 1550 and then nationally in 1578.
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Why weren't government AND council laws a failure?
As they were not powerful enough to force people to follow the law.
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In the mid 1550s what two towns shut off parts of their towns to stop the infected people spreading the Plague to other parts of the town?
Gloucester and Leicester.
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When and what did Eyam do when a box of infected cloth from London passed the Plague to them?
They shut off the whole town in 1665.
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Why did they do this?
To stop the Plague spreading to other towns and areas.
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In words, how many people were killed (by the Plague) in Eyam?
A huge number.
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What did Cambridge council do in official buildings in the 1500s and 1600s? (3.)
They used strong smells in their, to get rid of the miasma and therefore disease.
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Did Cambridge council partake in quarantining?
Yes, they did.
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Did Cambridge council use pest houses and why did they not work there? (2.)
They began to build them, but they were finished in 1666/when the Plague had died out.
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What was London's death toll during the Great Plague of 1665 and what percentage of the city's population was this?
100,000, which was 20% of the city's population.
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What did many fear and anxiety lead rich people to do when the Great Plague struck London and why could they do this?
They fled the city; they could afford it.
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What did King Charles II, his court and Parliament do during the London Great Plague?
They ALL fled to Oxford.
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What two people left London during the Great Plague who could actually help?
Doctors and churchmen.
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What did local councils get people to put on quarantined houses doors? Give two.
They painted a red cross on the door and wrote the words, 'Lord Have Mercy upon Us' on the doors.
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Why did local councils get people to write 'Lord Have Mercy on Us' on the doors of quarantined houses?
As it was believed that God punished people for their sins by sending Plague and disease.
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What did SOME local councils do to quarantined hoses, to ensure that the infected did not escape their house and spread infection?
They locked their doors using chains and padlocks.
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Where were Plague victims' bodies buried? (2.)
In mass graves away from residential areas.
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How were the corpses (of Plague victims) collected to go to the mass graves and be buried?
The local councils organised people to go through the streets with carts, shouting, "Bring out your dead!".
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Why did local councils pay a lot of money to kill cats and dogs in towns?
As they believed that the cats and dogs carried the Plague.
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Give a SIMPLE way that people tried to stop themselves from contracting the Plague.
By not touching other people.
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What did shopkeepers do to stop the cash carrying disease?
They placed the coins in jars of vinegar, to stop people from touching the coins directly.
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What did people carry around with them to stop miasma causing them to contract the Plague? Give two.
Herbs or flowers.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2


When did Plague outbreaks stop?



Card 3


What struck Britain in 1665?


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Card 4


Give two reasons as to why the Plague was devastating to Britain?


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


What did the high death rates cause?


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