Right Realism (New Right) explanations of crime and deviance

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1. What is control theory and who said it?

  • Hirschi - Most people dont commit crime as have four controls in their lives that make the costs of punishment more than rewards (economic and personal gain)
  • Merton - Most people dont commit crime as have four controls in their lives that make the costs of punishment more than rewards (economic and personal gain)
  • Clarke - Most people dont commit crime as have four controls in their lives that make the costs of punishment more than rewards (economic and personal gain)
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Other questions in this quiz

2. What is Rational choice theory and who said it?

  • Clarke - Decision to commit crime is a choice based on a irrational want for thrils in the moment, if rewards outweigh techniques of neutralisation then more likely to offend
  • Clarke - Decision to commit crime is a choice based on a rational calculation of likely consequences, if rewards outweigh percieved costs then more likely to offend
  • Hirschi - Decision to commit crime is a choice based on a rational calculation of likely consequences, if rewards outweigh percieved costs then more likely to offend

3. What do the New Right see as the main cause of crime?

  • In reccent years the underclass in inner city areas and on council estates
  • In reccent years the upperrclass in inner city areas and bussiness districts
  • In reccent years Left Realists giving excuses for street crime the underclass in inner city areas and on council estates commit

4. What is an evaluation of Rational choice theory (Clarke)

  • Right realism over-states the rationality of criminals - many crimes not result of rational decisions (eg violent crime)
  • Right realism over-states the irrationality of criminals - many crimes are result of rational decisions (eg corporate crime)
  • Right realism over-states the rationality of victims - many victims cant remember exactly what took place or how to better prevent it (eg when drunk)

5. How do right realists build on Rational choice theory?

  • They argue that currently the percieved costs of crime are low so good time to catch em, Criminals see little risk of being caught or punished, formal punishment and informal social controls (family & community) are strong
  • They argue that currently the percieved costs of crime are low so crime rate risen, Criminals see little risk of being caught or punished, formal punishment and informal social controls (family & community) are weak
  • They argue that currently the percieved costs of crime are high so crime rate fallen, Criminals see little risk of being caught or punished, formal punishment and informal social controls (family & community) are weak

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