Social exchange theory (SET) SANS A03

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  • Created by: Katie
  • Created on: 03-02-20 13:53
who proposed this theory
thibault and kelley
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what does SET suggest behaviour in relationships reflects
the economic assumptions of exchange
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what is the minimax principle
minimise losses, maximise gains
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how does SET argue we judge satisfaction in a relationship
profit (rewards - cost)
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what is the impact of rewards and costs being subjective
what one person considers a significant reward might be viewed by someone else as less valuable, also what is seen as rewarding may change over time
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examples of rewards
companionship, sex, emotional support
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examples of costs
time, stress,energy,compromise
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what is another type of cost relationships bring
oppertunity costs
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what is oppertunity costs
investing time and resources in your current relationship means you can't invest elsewhere
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what is the first way to meaurse the profit of a relationship
comparison level
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what is the comparison level (CL)
The amount of reward you believe you deserve to get
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what factors influence our comparison level
previous relationships, social norms, self esteem
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what would happen if our CL was high
the relationship is worth pursuing
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low self esteem =
low CL
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what is the second method for measuring profit
comparison level for alternatives (CLalt)
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what is CLalt
will we get more rewards and less costs from another relationship, or being on our own
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what does SET predict about our current relationships which ties into this
SET predcts we stay in a relationship as long as it is more rewarding than alternatives
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what impacts our CLalt
satisfaction of current relationship
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what does SET suggest are the stages of a relationship development
1. sampling 2. bargaining 3.commitment 4. institutionalisation
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what occurs during the sampling stage
we explore rewards and costs by experimenting with them in our own relationships (not just romantic) or by observing them in others
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what is the second stage of relationship development under SET
bargaining
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what occurs during this stage
partners start exchanging various rewards and costs, identifying what is most profitable
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what happens in the commitment stage
sources of costs and rewards bvecome more predictable and relationship becomes more stable as rewards increase and profits lessen
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what happens in the institutionalisation stage
partners settled down because the rewards and costs are firmly established
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Card 2

Front

what does SET suggest behaviour in relationships reflects

Back

the economic assumptions of exchange

Card 3

Front

what is the minimax principle

Back

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Card 4

Front

how does SET argue we judge satisfaction in a relationship

Back

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Card 5

Front

what is the impact of rewards and costs being subjective

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