a group if people who have common interests and a distinctive culture
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the while way of life of a group of people passed from one generation to the next
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a set of written rules regulating what may or may not be done by members of a society
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an informal rule that guides our behaviour in a particular situation
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Patterns of behaviour expected of people in different situation
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The belief held by a person or a social group that help to build a set of norms
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social science
The systematic study of society and of human relationships within society
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social policy
important decisions made by the government that aim to improve the conitions of people living in their society
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Theoretical Perspective
Looking at a social issue through the eyes if one particular type of theorist.
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a general state of agreement between individuals or group
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a general state of disagreement between opposing groups
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someone who believes that women should have the same status and opportunities as men
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the idea that men dominate society and its institutions
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someone who believes in the ideas of Karl Marx and sees the main Divisions in society as being based on social class operating in a capitalist system
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industry and services are owned by private individuals who gains their profits from the labour power of their workers
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Quantitative data
information that is presented as numbers which can be analyed using statistical methids
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Qualitative data
information in the form of text or images, that is rich in description and detail
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social stratification
the way different groups in society are placed at different levels
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Social class
people having the same social status measured by such things as occupation and income
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the classification of people into groups that share the same culture, history and identify
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the social and cultural differenes between the sexes between femininity masculinity
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bands and layers showing particular characteristics which are different from those above and below
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the honour or prestige attached to a person's postion in society
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the money recieve by an individual in a period of time, for example, wages, interest on savings
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not being able to do what you want; being restricted or limited
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the lifelong process of learning the skills, customs, attitude, norms and values of your culture
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Social control
the process by which people are pursuaded to obey the rules snd to conform
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doing what is expected and behaving in a way that is in agreement with norms
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a group of two or more persons associated by birth, cohabitations,marriage,or adoption
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the social and cultural differences between the sexes between femininty and masculinity
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being channelled in a particular direction
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Formal Curriculum
what students learn in their timetabled lessons, for example, maths and english
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Informal curriculum
the ways in which the organisation of teaching, school regulations and routines shape pupil attitude and behaviour, this is,what students learn at school that is not taught in lessons.
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agreed reward for positive actions or penalty for negative actions
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the section of the govenment that is responible for making the law
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the section of the government that has the power to apply the law, that is, the court system including
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means being poor(but this can be defined in many different ways)
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Welfare state
the government taking responibility for the health and finanicial welling of the population
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Relative population
a situation in which someone cannot afford to processes the kind of activities considered by members of their society to be a normal part of life
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pressure group
a group, usually concerned with a single issue, that applies pressure to try to bring about change
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Moral Panic
when media coverage of an issue leads to exaggrated public concern
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Media Amplification
Blowing things ou of proportion by over-reporting in the media
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social survey
a collections of information about members of a population. can be carried out on the street, at home, in an organisation(school, workplace,etc), by mail, by phone, online
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primary data
data collected for the first time by the researher for a particular piece of research
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a set of questions used to gather information
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secondary data
data that exists prior to and independent from the researcher's own research.
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Official statistics
a set of statistics generated from data gathered by the government or other offical organsations. often used as secondary data in social research.
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someone who is providing the data for your research
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the group of people who have been selected for your study
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sampling frame
a complete list from which your sample is selected
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your sample is not baised but the people are typical of those in the larger group
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feeling confident that your findings will reflect the views if everyone else who could have been asked
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not taking a neutral view but favouring one side if an argument or debate
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data is reliable if it can be repeated and consistently comes up with the same result
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data vaid if it gives a true picture of what is being studied
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pilot study
a study on a small scale before the main research is done
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Ethical Considerations
making sure that your research is not offending of harming anyone - that you are doing the right things
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making sure that no names are mentioned in yout finished report or in the data collection process
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keeping personal details betweeen you and the respondent
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informed consent
making sure that your respondents know what you doing and agree to participate
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someone who gives permission for others to be involved in your research
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checking the accuracy of data collected through on method (for example, a questionnaire) by comparing it with data collected by using another methods (for example, observation)
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looking at the whole way of life of a group, usually by using a variety of methids if data colllection
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Other cards in this set

Card 2


the while way of life of a group of people passed from one generation to the next



Card 3


a set of written rules regulating what may or may not be done by members of a society


Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4


an informal rule that guides our behaviour in a particular situation


Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5


Patterns of behaviour expected of people in different situation


Preview of the back of card 5
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