Studying Society

a group of people who have common interests and a distinctive culture
1 of 62
the whole way of life of a group of people passed from one generation to the next
2 of 62
a set of written rules regulating what may or may not be done by members of a society
3 of 62
an informal rule that guides our behavior in a particular situation
4 of 62
patterns of behavior expected of people in different situations
5 of 62
the beliefs held by a person or social group that help to build a set of norms
6 of 62
Social Science
the systematic study of society and of human relationships within society
7 of 62
Social Policy
important decisions made by the government that aim to improve the conditions of people living in their society
8 of 62
Theoretical Perspective
looking at a social issue through the eyes of one particular type of theorist
9 of 62
a general state of agreement between individuals or groups
10 of 62
a general state of disagreement between opposing groups
11 of 62
someone who believes that women should have the same status and opportunities as men
12 of 62
the idea that men dominate society and its institutions
13 of 62
someone who believes in the ideas of Karl Marx and sees the main divisions in society as being based on social class operating in a capitalist system
14 of 62
industry and services are owned by private individuals who gain their profits from the labour power of their workers
15 of 62
Quantitative Data
information that is presented as numbers which can be analysed using statistical methods
16 of 62
Qualitative Data
information in the form of text or images, that is rich in description and detail
17 of 62
Social Stratification
the way different groups in society are placed at different levels
18 of 62
Social Class
people having the same social status measured by such things as occupations and income
19 of 62
the classification of people into groups that share the same culture, history and identity
20 of 62
the social and cultural differences between the sexes - between femininity and masculinity
21 of 62
bands or layers showing particular characteristics which are different from those above and below
22 of 62
the honour or prestige attached to a person's position in society
23 of 62
the money received by an individual in a period of time, for example, wages, interest on savings
24 of 62
not being able to do what you want; being restricted or limited
25 of 62
the lifelong process of learning the skills, customs, attitudes, norms and values of your culture
26 of 62
Social Control
the process by which people are persuaded to obey the rules and to conform
27 of 62
doing what it expected and behaving in a way that is in agreement with norms
28 of 62
a group of two or more people associated by birth, marriage, cohabitation, or adoption
29 of 62
being channeled in a particular direction
30 of 62
Formal Curriculum
what students learn in their timetabled lessons, for example, maths and English
31 of 62
Hidden Curriculum
the ways in which the organisation of teaching, school regulations and routines shape pupil attitudes and behavior, that is, what students learn at school that is not taught in lessons
32 of 62
agreed reward for positive actions or penalty for negative actions
33 of 62
the section of the government that is responsible for making laws
34 of 62
the section of the government that has the power to apply the law, that is, the court system including judges
35 of 62
means being poor (but this can be defined in many different ways)
36 of 62
Welfare State
the government taking responsibility for the health and financial wellbeing of the population
37 of 62
Relative Poverty
a situation in which someone cannot afford to possess the kind of things and participate in the kind of activities considered by members of their society to be a normal part of life
38 of 62
Pressure Group
a group, usually concerned with a single issue, that applies pressure to try to bring about change
39 of 62
Moral Panic
when media coverage of an issue leads to exaggerated public concern
40 of 62
Media Amplification
blowing things out of proportion by over-reporting in the media
41 of 62
Social Survey
a collection of information about members of a population. Can be carried out on the street, at home, in an organisation (school, workplace, etc.), by mail, by telephone, online
42 of 62
Primary Data
data collected for the first time by the researcher for a particular piece of research
43 of 62
a set of questions used to gather information
44 of 62
Secondary Data
data that exists prior to and independent from the researcher's own research
45 of 62
Official Statistics
a set of statistics generated from data gathered by the government or other official organisations. Often used as secondary data in social research
46 of 62
someone who is providing the data for your research
47 of 62
the group of people who have been selected for your survey
48 of 62
Sampling Frame
a complete list from which your sample is selected
49 of 62
your sample is not biased but the people are typical of those in the larger group
50 of 62
feeling confident that your findings will reflect the views of everyone else who could have been asked
51 of 62
not taking a natural view but favouring one side of an argument or debate
52 of 62
data is reliable if it can be repeated and consistently comes up with the same results
53 of 62
data is valid if it gives a true picture of what is being studied
54 of 62
Pilot Study
a study on a small scale before the main research is done
55 of 62
Ethical Considerations
making sure that your research is not offending or harming anyone - that you are doing the right thing
56 of 62
making sure that no names are mentioned in your finished report or in the data collection process
57 of 62
keeping personal details between you and the respondent
58 of 62
Informed Consent
making sure that your respondents know what you are doing and agree to participate
59 of 62
someone who gives permission for others to be involved in your research
60 of 62
checnking the accuracy of data collected through one method by comparing it with data collected using another method
61 of 62
looking at the whole way of life of a group, usually by using a variety of methods of data collection
62 of 62

Other cards in this set

Card 2


the whole way of life of a group of people passed from one generation to the next



Card 3


a set of written rules regulating what may or may not be done by members of a society


Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4


an informal rule that guides our behavior in a particular situation


Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5


patterns of behavior expected of people in different situations


Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards


No comments have yet been made

Similar Sociology resources:

See all Sociology resources »See all Studying Society resources »