The strange case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde Revision Cards English Lit 1-9

How does Stevenson use isolation to convay a Gothic theme?
'There was literrarly nothing to be seen except street lamps' - Creates omnious setting and scares the victorian reader as it was widely believed that isolation led to Insanity. Stevenson plays on this alot- ' [Jekyl has]Shut up again in the cabinet'
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What do we learn about Utterson from the outset?
'He enjoyed the theatre but had not crossed the doors of one in 20 years' - Shows his conformation to society and how the victorian ethicet forced a man to repress his pleasures in life in order to appear respectable.
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How is Utterson described as?
'Long, lean, dusty and dreary' - Alliteration to emphasise his reserved nature. All typical Victorian values 'Dusty' suggests he allows things to settle - 'I let my brother go to the devil in his own way'
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What was Utterson's reaction to Jekyll's will?
'. It offended him both as a lawyer and as a lover of the sane and customary sides of life' - He sort to help his friend fearing he was being threateed by Hyde. - He grows determined to help his friend "If he be Mr. Hyde, I shall be Mr. Seek."
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What is the significance of Utterson's character?
He is the driving force of the novel, the revelations of the story are revealed through his timeline, we find out that j and h are the same person the same time as he does. He launches the investigation into Hyde - 'If he be Mr Hyde ill be Mr seek'
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Utterson puts his 'hand to his brow like a man in mental perplexity' What does this reveal?
This reveals that Utterson has another side to himself, 'Mental Perplexity' suggests of a mental illness which would shock a victorian reader as a respectable man couldnt have this.
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How is Utterson presented as a good friend?
He persists to help Jekyll and is concered that he is being 'black mailed' from the offset. Also Lanyon seems to show love for him - 'he cherished for Mr. Utterson a sincere and warm affection.' Also 'His friends where those of his own blood'
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How is Utterson prehaps not respectable?
He is 'the last reputable acquaintance and the last good influence in the lives of downgoing men'. - He meddles in dark affairs something not respectable. He cant control his curiosity about Hyde so goes out and seeks him.
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Why does Stevenson choose this character to be the link character and the character who conducts most of the investigation?
Because he is arguably the most respectable character in the whole novel, therefore he is innocent which allows the reader to feel more engaged with the story as they can related to him and we learn new information as the investigation unfolds.
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How is Jekyll's Lab described as?
"a dingy windowless structure." "lying gaunt and silent" Foreshadows the dark science that Jekyll indulges in.
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Why is Jekyll first introduced by paying off Hyde?
It foreshadows the revelation, and also grows curiosity for the audience on why such a respectable man would have business with a criminal. Curiosity further inforced by his will: "disappearance or unexplained absence for any period exceeding 3 month
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When asked about Hyde what does Jekyll respond?
'The moment I choose, I can be rid of Mr. Hyde.' - This claim of controll over Hyde reasures the reasures Utterson, although leaves mystery. Although he doesnt have controll as through the novel he changes.
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After the Carew murder how is Jekyll changed?
He is visibaly shaken and promises hes done with Hyde, producing a letter without and envelope from Hyde. He tells Utterson he is 'the chief of sinners, I am the chief of sufferers also.' Suggesting that he had an involvement in the murder.
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At the last point we see Jekyll alive what comes over his face?
a look of "abject terror and despair."
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How does Lanyon reveal the transformation?
"like a man restored from death—there stood Henry Jekyll!"
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Jekyll had 'two appearances, one was wholly evil, and the other was still the old Henry Jekyll' what does this reveal?
That Jekyll did manage to split into his two selfs, but the duality wasnt what he thought, there is no good side to man only the normal side and the evil side. Suggests that Jekyll isnt moral at all.
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After the murder of Carew Jekyll turns into Hyde without use of drugs. What is this significance?
It shows that his evil side is ultimately taking over but he describes Hyde's hand as 'corded and hairy', this animalistic imagery paints Jekyll a victim to backwards evolution.
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'For two good reasons, I will not enter deeply into this scientific branch of my confession.' Why does Jekyll do this?
His last respectable act, he doesnt wish anyone to have the darkness of a Hyde come out of them.
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When Hyde is first introduced what are the women described as? Signficance?
• The women where “wild as harpies” – This simile emphasises the uncontrollable behaviour of the women, “harpies” are mythical rapacious monsters. Goes against social norms of women overseeing the domestic sphere. - Duality
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Hyde is described as having a mixture of?
• Hyde has a “murderous mixture of timidity and boldness”, even after the split in people there was duality (no one can ever be truly evil or good), “timidity” suggests he’s ashamed of his violent side.
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What is Jekyll's HUGE reveal in his confession letter?
• “Man, is not truly one, but truly two” repetition of truly emphasises Jekyll’s belief/obsession. This is revealed at the end of the novel to shock the reader more. Victorian society would have associated this with madness!!!
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What quote reveals that Jekyll has always had Hyde in him?
• “My Devil had long been caged and came out roaring”
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How is the Gotheic theme of obbsession portrayed?
Jekyll’s unhealthy obsession with separation from good and evil is used a lot to create horror, this then leads onto the horror of the era of overstepping the boundaries of science which can cause further shocking of the reader.
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Quotes to show degeneration
‘Wild as harpies’ ‘Pale and dwarfish’ ‘The man seems hardly human’ ‘a murderous mixture of timity and boldness’
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How does the novel challenge religion?
It has Jekyll playing God and overstepping the boundaries of science, it could have been seen as blashpemy in victorian times for duality to be a concept. Just as dawism was.
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How was Jekyll's science looked down on?
• “He began to go wrong, wrong in the mind” – Dr Lanyon. This shows societies disapproval of Jekyll’s science and how it affected his reputation.
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What did Lanyon refer to Jekyll's discoveries as?
• “Unscientific balderdash” – Jekyll’s science is immoral “balderdash” and looked at as unrespectable (However could be Lanyon’s jealousy)
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How is Hyde portrayed as a victim?
• ‘His terror of the gallows drove him to commit temporary suicide’ - He's capable of more than hatred and evil. He actually fears for his life which drives the audience to feel sympathy. • ‘His love of life is beautiful’- Capable of love?
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How is Hyde first described as?
• ‘It wasn’t like a man, it was like some damned juggernaught ‘ o Aggressive simile, Dehumanisation from the word it – repetition emphasises the dehumanisation. o Reveals that he is emotionless and dangerous to society. Sociopathic.
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What did Sawbones do when he saw Hyde? Significance?
'I saw that Sawbones turn sick and white with desire to kill him.' Jekyll wasnt the only evil that hyde brought out. - Plays on duality of respectable men.
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How does Hyde kill Carew?
'with ape-like fury, he was trampling his victim under foot and hailing down a storm of blows, under which the bones were audibly shattered' - dehumanisation of Hyde, pure primitive version of man.
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How was Hyde lastly described before his body was discovered 'still twitching'?
'A dismal screech, as of mere animal terror' - Creates sympathy for Hyde whilst dehumanising him.
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Why is the fact that Jekyll/Hyde were a 'Self destroyer' significant?
Suicide was illegal at the time and so to have killed himself would be seen as a scandalous act. We are however told Hyde feared that Jekyll may kill himself and thus kill Hyde so it is possible Jekyll drank something before his final transformation
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How is Lanyon intially described?
'a hearty, healthy, dapper, red-faced gentleman'
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Why does Jekyll/Hyde reveal to Lanyon their split?
To show off to Lanyon his scientific breakful, or because he truly needed him as a friend. Stephenson chose Lanyon as he was a respectable scientist that could see how 'balderdash' J's discoverys where.
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Why is the story of Jekyll shouting 'behold' told through Lanyon and not Utterson?
Because Lanyon is a scientist and Utterson isn't, so it shows that not all scientists are immoral as Jekyll is and that there are some moderate scientist. Although all scientists are a tad mad ;)
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How does Lanyon react to the transformation?
"O God!" I screamed, and "O God!" again and again
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What is Enfields role?
his narrative voice is absolutely key in revealing the fiction trigger of the narrative, the anecdote of Hyde who 'trampled calmly' over the child. He creates the initial image of Hyde 'really like Satan'
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What does Enfield reveal about violence in the victorian era?
That its looked down on as he threats Hyde that he will "make his name stink from one end of London to the other"
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What is the significance of Pooles character?
Stevenson uses him to trigger the events of the final chapter by an unexpected visit to Utterson: "You know the doctor's ways, sir," replied Poole, "and how he shuts himself up. Well, he's shut up again in the cabinet; and I don't like it,'
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Other cards in this set

Card 2


What do we learn about Utterson from the outset?


'He enjoyed the theatre but had not crossed the doors of one in 20 years' - Shows his conformation to society and how the victorian ethicet forced a man to repress his pleasures in life in order to appear respectable.

Card 3


How is Utterson described as?


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


What was Utterson's reaction to Jekyll's will?


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


What is the significance of Utterson's character?


Preview of the front of card 5
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