Unit 3- Health p2

  • Created by: ella_mae
  • Created on: 03-05-19 12:08
Health and safety management systems steps to effectively manage H&S
Leadership anf the setting of dtandards by management, trained employees, a trusting and supportive environment, understanding of the risks specific to a particular workplace
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Reasons for carrying out risk assessments
A legal requirement under the H&S at work Act. Staff, service users and visitors have a right to be protected and kept safe from harm. Assessments check what could cause harm to people using the care setting. Assessments prevent accidents
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What are the 5 steps to carrying out risk assessments?
1. Look for hazards associated with the activity 2. Identify who might be harmed and how 3. Consider the level of risk-decide of precaustions or control measures needed 4. Make a written record of the findings 5. Review the risk assessment regularly
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Importance of risk assessments?
A legal requirement in settings with more than 5 employees. Reduces the risk of harm to all.
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A plan that outlines the policy purpose and the instructions for carrying out the necessary actions to achieve its aim of keeping service users safe and promoting rights
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Fire Safety Policy
Care settings should have regular fire drills, and fire alarms should be tested regulalry to check they are working and can be heard. Fire exits and escape routes should be kept clear
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Asbestos Policy
Can be found in any building built before 2000 causing around 5000 deaths a year. When distrubed fibres are released into the air causing serious dieases such as lung cancer
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Abestos duty to manage responsibility holders have to...
Fidn out if asbestos is present, make a record of the location, assess the risk of anyone being exposed, prepare a plan for how to manage these risks, put the plan into action keeping it updated
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Transport Policy
Covers the maintenance and safety of vehicles used such as a minibus for shcool trips
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What are the procedures needing to be followed for a risk assessment in transport?
Appropriate insurance, seat belts fitted and working, parental consent forms, visit is risk assessed, contingency plans for delays, first aid provision, emergency contact detials, impact of poor or excessively hot weather
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Electrical safety Policy
Electrical appliances belonging to the care setting and to residents of care settings need to be maintained and checked for safety. Portable equipment must be PAT tested, staff must make regular visual checks for damage to cables, plugs ect
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Safeguarding Procedures Policy
A named person is responsible for safeguarding. ALl staff must be DBS checked and have safeguarding training. All staff must know potential idicators of abuse and a reporting system must exist for concerns of abuse
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Food Safety Policy
Care settings must have food hygiene policies and procedures to protect at risk individuals. Procedures include ensuring all surfaces are clean, clean with hot water, washing up liquid and anti bacterial wipes. Wash fuit and veg
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Chemical and biological health hazards
CAre settings must have a policy for dealing with hazardous substances and waste and staff will have training for handling hazadous substances and ways to follow COSHH guidelines
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Disposal of clinical waste and dressings
Yellow bags; incinerated/burnt
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Disposal of bodily fluids, urine, faeces
Flushed down toilet
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Disposal of medication
taken to local pharmacy / GP surgery
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Disposal of needles, sharps, syringes
Yellow box/ local council
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Disposal of soiled linen
Red begs into washing machine which melt away on high temperature
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Storage and sipensing of medicines policy
When dealing with medication trained staff need to be aware of; ordering, recieving, storing, administering, recording, transfer and disposal
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Lone working Policy
Individuals who work in the community in a seperate location to their team or manager. Exmaples include social workers personal care staff, personal assisstants, home tutors, family support workers
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Key risks of lone working
Staff often work at all hours including late nights, social works may have to take children away, personal care ataff can be mistaken for health visitors carrying drugs so may be attacked, Often on foot and have regular patterns of visits (vunerable)
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Procedures for lone workers safety
Telling collegues where you are going, carrying a personal alarm, carrying basic mobile phone, taking self-defence training
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Mobile phone lone worker system
Employers leave a message detailing a visit and time, message goes to a central computer and if an employee has not cancelled message the computer alerts the manager and eventually the police. The phone also has a panic button
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Security of premises possession and individuals policy
Necessary to keep staff anf service users safe from intruders. These policies and procedures are also necessary to prevent vulnerable individuals from leaving the care setting unsupervised
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Policies and procedures to provide security include...
Staff wearing ID lanyards, ahving electronic security pads with pin code entry. Locking external doors and gates, having staffed recpetion desks and having window restraints. Escorting visitors, CCTV monioting external entrances, monitoring keys
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5 Reasons for reviewing policies and procedures
To ensure they reflect any changes in legislation, to keep them up to date, to identify any issues or deficiences that need addressing, to check that they still meet the sttings needs and aims, to develop new policies for new needs and situations
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Employers roles
Ensure compliance with the health and safety legisaltion and to provide a safe place to work, necessary training, safe and appropriate work equipment
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Role of NHS
To provide environments that are secure and healthy to work in and visit. They must also provide staff training, informaiton and supervision to be able to work safely
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Local Authority roles
Promote health and safety by providing guidance and raise awareness of health and safety in health and social care by providing guidance about roles and responsibilities. Enforce health and safety standards
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Care manager roles
Develop, review and update care homes policies. Esure effective safe systems for recording and reporting
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Roles of Headteacher
Ensure safeguarding to protect welfare
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Third sector roles
Promote safeguarding and health, safety and security
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Employees roles
Use safe working practices to maintain their own and other safety by attending training and reporting accidents
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Employers responsibilities
Promote, maintain and enfore health and safety policies
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Employees responsibilities
Use equipment and substances in accordance with training, taking care of themselves and others around. Report serious/imminent danger. Report shortcomings
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Individuals requiring care responsibilities
Understanding health and safety policies by taking part in fire drills, reporting any hazards ect.
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What are the consequences of not meeting responsibilities
Direct costs, indirect costs, disciplinary action, civil/ criminal prosecution, criminal law, casuing injury/harm or being injured/harmed
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What are direct costs?
Being sued for neglience by residents, patients, staff ect. Compensation laws or legal costs/fines
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What are indirect costs?
Poor reputation for the care setting resulting is possible closure, loss of buiness income if a private setting, loss of trust and repsect from collegues and service users
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What is disiplinary action?
Dismissal of those responsible, managment changes increased moniotring of the setting, requirement for individual to undergo further training
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What is criminal law?
prosecution for breaching regulations, if serious injury or death has occured and in cases of neglience a custodial sentence could be given in very serious cases
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Removal from professional registers
Regulators of health and social care and teaching professions hold registers of those wualified to practise for exmaple, the nursing anf midwifery council. Individuals can be struck off their register due to fitness to practise concerns
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Removal from professional registers can involve...
Being struck off and not allowed to practise at all. Practise being restricted. Loss of professional status and reputation
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Aggressive and dangerous encounters and unauthorised access responses
The response needs to involve; being calm, speaking firmly and clearly, alerting other staff, keeping service users/children away, calling police if they refuse to elave, keeping yourself safe
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Evacuation procedures
A gas leak, flood or bomb threat reuires settings to be evacuated quickly. In rare firearms/weapon attacks the goverment has provided advice; Run, Hide, Tell
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Responsibilities of a first aided
Follow the 3 P's- Preserve life, prevent further injury, promote recovery
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How are the 3 P's carried out?
1. Assess for danger 2. Keep yourself and the area safe 3. Prevent further harm 4. Maintain respect and dignity 5. Stay with the individual until help arrives, providing reassurance
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Card 2


Reasons for carrying out risk assessments


A legal requirement under the H&S at work Act. Staff, service users and visitors have a right to be protected and kept safe from harm. Assessments check what could cause harm to people using the care setting. Assessments prevent accidents

Card 3


What are the 5 steps to carrying out risk assessments?


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Card 4


Importance of risk assessments?


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Card 5




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